Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1002/elps.1150191233
Title: Dual UV-absorbing background electrolytes for simultaneous separation and detection of small cations and anions by capillary zone electrophoresis
Authors: Xiong, X.
Li, S.F.Y. 
Keywords: Capillary zone electrophoresis
Dual ultraviolet-absorbing background electrolyte
Indirect photometric detection
Simultaneous separation
Small cations and anions
Issue Date: Sep-1998
Citation: Xiong, X., Li, S.F.Y. (1998-09). Dual UV-absorbing background electrolytes for simultaneous separation and detection of small cations and anions by capillary zone electrophoresis. Electrophoresis 19 (12) : 2243-2251. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1002/elps.1150191233
Abstract: The simultaneous separation and detection of small cations and anions by capillary zone electrophoresis (CZE) with indirect ultraviolet (UV) detection was successfully demonstrated in a background electrolyte (BGE) containing two UV-absorbing components. Benzylamine, imidazole, benzenesulfonic acid, sulfosalicylic acid, and pyromellitic acid were tested as the components of the BGE. The success of the simultaneous separation of the cations and anions is dependent upon the proper selection of the electrolyte components and control of the migration of the ions towards the detector. High pH is beneficial to the detection of anionic analytes but not to the separation of cationic analytes because of large electroosmotic flow produced under this condition. The upper pH limit of the working pH range is confined by the pK(a) value of the cationic component of the BGE. The influence of pH and total electrolyte concentration on the electroosmatic flow (EOF) counteracted each other. This counteraction effect imposes an upper limit on the change of total electrolyte concentration at certain pH. It was found that the EOF should be larger by at least 10 X 10-5 cm2V-1s-1 than the electrophoretic mobilities of the anions so that the anions could be detected on the cathodic side within reasonable times and with good peak shapes. In the imidazole-sulfosalicylic acid BGE, the detection limits (signal to noise, S/N = 3) for the cations and anions ranged from 100 to 900 ppb. In the benzylamine-pyromellitic acid BGE, K+, Na+, Li+, CH3 COO-, HPO4 2-, F-, ClO3-, CLO4 -, NO3 -, NO2 -, Cl- and SO4 2- were separated within twelve minutes. The strategies for selection of the electrolyte components of the binary BGE were also discussed.
Source Title: Electrophoresis
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/95452
ISSN: 01730835
DOI: 10.1002/elps.1150191233
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