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|Title:||Zirconium-Beta zeolite as a robust catalyst for the transformation of levulinic acid to γ-valerolactone via Meerwein-Ponndorf-Verley reduction|
|Citation:||Wang, J., Jaenicke, S., Chuah, G.-K. (2014). Zirconium-Beta zeolite as a robust catalyst for the transformation of levulinic acid to γ-valerolactone via Meerwein-Ponndorf-Verley reduction. RSC Advances 4 (26) : 13481-13489. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1039/c4ra01120a|
|Abstract:||Zr-Beta zeolite is a robust and active catalyst for the Meerwein-Ponndorf-Verley reduction of levulinic acid to γ-valerolactone, a versatile intermediate for bio-fuels and chemicals. In a batch reactor, γ-valerolactone was formed with a selectivity of >96%. In a continuous flow reactor, >99% yield of γ-valerolactone was obtained with a steady space-time-yield of 0.46 molGVLgZr -1 h -1 within 87 h, on a par with that of noble metal based catalysts. The high activity of this catalyst was attributed to the presence of Lewis acidic sites with moderate strength. Due to the relatively few basic sites, it is not poisoned by the acidic reactant. Its robustness in liquid and gas phase reactants coupled with good thermal stability makes Zr-Beta a green regenerable catalyst that can be used directly on levulinic acid without the need for derivatization. This journal is © the Partner Organisations 2014.|
|Source Title:||RSC Advances|
|Appears in Collections:||Staff Publications|
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