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Title: Selective bromination of sp3 C-H bonds by organophotoredox catalysis
Authors: Kee, C.W.
Chan, K.M.
Wong, M.W. 
Tan, C.-H.
Keywords: Bromination
C-H activation
Density functional calculations
Photoredox catalysis
Radical reactions
Issue Date: 2014
Citation: Kee, C.W., Chan, K.M., Wong, M.W., Tan, C.-H. (2014). Selective bromination of sp3 C-H bonds by organophotoredox catalysis. Asian Journal of Organic Chemistry 3 (4) : 536-544. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: We report that bromination of aliphatic and benzylic sp3 C-H bonds can be achieved with visible light photoredox catalysis by using a low loading of EosinY disodium salt, an inexpensive organic dye, as a photoredox catalyst. The light source is a low-power household lamp and the reaction can be performed without the need of an inert atmosphere and anhydrous solvent. Easy-to-handle CBr4 is the source of bromine and morpholine is necessary for the reaction. Preliminary experimental and computational studies on the mechanism strongly suggest that an N-morpholino radical is responsible for the C-H activation step. This led us to propose that this is a radical relay reaction, in which a longer-lived morpholine radical is generated from a CBr3 radical, which is relatively more transient, by a thermodynamically favorable reaction. Additional evidence for the existence of such an N-radical was obtained from radical trapping experiments. The strong preference of this reaction for electron-rich hydrogen atoms, and the high sensitivity to the steric environment around the C-H bond enables bromination to occur on the relatively stronger C-H bond (as quantified by bond dissociation enthalpy) on the same molecule. The potential for utilizing this reaction to achieve mild and regioselective bromination of sp3 C-H bonds in complex molecules is exemplified by the bromination of (+)-sclareolide and acetate-protected estrone. © 2014 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
Source Title: Asian Journal of Organic Chemistry
ISSN: 21935807
DOI: 10.1002/ajoc.201300169
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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