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Title: Sample preparation based on dynamic ion-exchange solid-phase extraction for GC/MS analysis of acidic herbicides in environmental waters
Authors: Li, N.
Lee, H.K. 
Issue Date: 15-Jul-2000
Citation: Li, N., Lee, H.K. (2000-07-15). Sample preparation based on dynamic ion-exchange solid-phase extraction for GC/MS analysis of acidic herbicides in environmental waters. Analytical Chemistry 72 (14) : 3077-3084. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: The newly established enrichment technique, dynamic ion- exchange solid-phase extraction (DIE-SPE), was studied for sample preparation for GC/MS analysis of 16 acidic herbicides in environmental waters. C18 bonded silica was the solid-phase material used. The optimal sample pH was weakly acidic to neutral. However, for common tap water and surface water, which run pH 6-9, all the acidic herbicides except for Chloramben could be effectively extracted from sample of 1000-mL volume without pH adjustment. The humic acid could be concurrently extracted from water, but most of it was separated from the sample by using 3 mL of 10% methanol in acetone as the eluent, which would completely elute the analytes and leave a large part of the humic acid on the cartridge. The selective elution reduced the interference of humic acid and made the DIE-SPE an effective approach for the analysis of the acidic herbicides in surface water. Comparing DIE-SPE with conventional reversed-phase SPE (RP-SPE), the former gave higher recoveries for the acidic herbicides and was less affected by sample matrixes. A tandem-cartridge system combining RP- and DIE-SPE in sequence was set up for the simultaneous isolation of the acidic herbicides and removal of the interfering substances. Despite some minimal retention on the upper RP-SPE cartridge, most of the acidic herbicides could be extracted on the lower DIE-SPE cartridge with recovery over 80% except for Chloramben (50%), fenoprop (73%), MCPB (67%); and 2,4-DB (70%) when a 500-mL aqueous sample of pH 9.5 was percolated through the tandem-cartridge system. The effectiveness of the system in removing the long carbon chain fatty acids as well as the basic and neutral organic interfering substances from the sample was also demonstrated.
Source Title: Analytical Chemistry
ISSN: 00032700
DOI: 10.1021/ac991410c
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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