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|Title:||NiFe 2O 4 nanoparticles formed in situ in silica matrix by mechanical activation|
|Authors:||Zhou, Z.H. |
|Citation:||Zhou, Z.H., Xue, J.M., Wang, J., Chan, H.S.O., Yu, T., Shen, Z.X. (2002-05-01). NiFe 2O 4 nanoparticles formed in situ in silica matrix by mechanical activation. Journal of Applied Physics 91 (9) : 6015-6020. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1462853|
|Abstract:||Nanocrystalline nickel ferrite (NiFe 2O 4) particles were successfully synthesized in situ in an amorphous silica matrix by mechanical activation at room temperature. Phase development in the amorphous precursors, derived via a modified sol-gel synthesis route, with increasing mechanical activation time was studied in detail by employing transmission electron microscopy, x-ray diffraction, and Raman spectroscopy. NiFe 2O 4 nanoparticles of 8.05 nm in mean particle size with a standard deviation of 1.24 nm, which were well dispersed in the silica matrix, were realized by 30 h of mechanical activation. The phase formation of nanocrystalline NiFe 2O 4 particles involves the nucleation of Fe 3O 4 in amorphous silica at the initial stage of mechanical activation, followed by the growth of nickel ferrite by incorporation of Ni 2+ caions into Fe 3O 4. Their magnetic anisotropy, surface spin disorder, and cation distribution are investigated by considering both the strain imposed by silica matrix and the buffer effect during mechanical activation. © 2002 American Institute of Physics.|
|Source Title:||Journal of Applied Physics|
|Appears in Collections:||Staff Publications|
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