Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2012.07.009
Title: Molten salt method of preparation and cathodic studies on layered-cathode materials Li(Co0.7Ni0.3)O2 and Li(Ni 0.7Co0.3)O2 for Li-ion batteries
Authors: Reddy, M.V. 
Tung, B.D.
Yang, L.
Quang Minh, N.D.
Loh, K.P. 
Chowdari, B.V.R. 
Keywords: Cathode
Layered structure
Li-ion batteries
Molten salt method
Issue Date: 1-Mar-2013
Source: Reddy, M.V., Tung, B.D., Yang, L., Quang Minh, N.D., Loh, K.P., Chowdari, B.V.R. (2013-03-01). Molten salt method of preparation and cathodic studies on layered-cathode materials Li(Co0.7Ni0.3)O2 and Li(Ni 0.7Co0.3)O2 for Li-ion batteries. Journal of Power Sources 225 : 374-381. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2012.07.009
Abstract: Layered compounds, Li(Co0.7Ni0.3)O2 (I) and Li(Ni0.7Co0.3)O2(II) were prepared by molten salt method in temperature ranging from 650 to 950 °C. The effect of morphology, crystal structure and electrochemical properties of materials were evaluated by X-Ray Diffraction (XRD), Scanning Electron Microscopy and Brunauer-Emmett-Teller surface area, cyclic voltammetry (CV) and galvanostatic cycling. XRD pattern shows a hexagonal type structure with lattice parameters of a∼2.828 Å, c∼14.096 Å for I and a∼2.851 Å, c∼14.121 Å for II prepared in oxygen flow. The surface area of the compounds, I and II are 1.74 and 0.75 m2 g-1 respectively. CV studies show a main anodic peak occur at ∼3.8-3.94 V vs. Li and a cathodic peak occur at ∼3.6-3.7 V vs. Li. Galvanostatic cycling studies are carried out at a current rate of 30 mA g-1 in the voltage range of 2.5-4.3 V, at room temperature. Li(Co0.7Ni0.3)O 2 prepared at 750 °C in air show a reversible capacity of 145 mAh g-1 at the 1st discharge cycle and 13% capacity fading between 2 and 56 cycles, whereas Li(Ni0.7Co0.3)O2 reheated in the presence of oxygen deliver a high and stable reversible capacity of 165 mAh g-1 at the end of 60th cycle. © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Source Title: Journal of Power Sources
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/94315
ISSN: 03787753
DOI: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2012.07.009
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