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Title: From exothermic to endothermic dehydrogenation - Interaction of monoammoniate of magnesium amidoborane and metal hydrides
Authors: Chua, Y.S.
Li, W. 
Wu, G.
Xiong, Z.
Chen, P.
Keywords: amidoborane
hydrogen storage
Issue Date: 25-Sep-2012
Source: Chua, Y.S., Li, W., Wu, G., Xiong, Z., Chen, P. (2012-09-25). From exothermic to endothermic dehydrogenation - Interaction of monoammoniate of magnesium amidoborane and metal hydrides. Chemistry of Materials 24 (18) : 3574-3581. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Metal amidoborane ammoniate such as Mg(NH 2BH 3) 2•NH 3 and Ca(NH 2BH 3) 2•nNH 3 with n = 1, 2, release NH 3 predominantly and endothermically at low temperatures in an open-system. However, a strong exothermic reaction occurs when these ammoniates were dehydrogenated in a closed-system, where the adducted NH 3 take part in the reaction. Our approach in tailoring the thermodynamic properties of Mg(NH 2BH 3) 2•NH 3, by replacing its adducted NH 3 with amide was successful, yielding a composite consisting of bimetallic amidoborane and Mg(NH 2) 2. Crystal structures of bimetallic amidoboranes, i.e., Na 2Mg(NH 2BH 3) 4 and K 2Mg(NH 2BH 3) 4 were identified and solved. Significant improvement in the dehydrogenation thermodynamic was observed in the composite system as compared to the pristine Mg(NH 2BH 3) 2•NH 3, i.e., the dehydrogenation enthalpies were altered from an exothermic to an endothermic one. In addition, the detection of bimetallic amidoboranes in the composites urges detailed investigation on pristine bimetallic amidoborane, to which later we found that Na 2Mg(NH 2BH 3) 4 also dehydrogenated endothermically at the identical temperature range (ca. 150-170 °C) with that of composite systems. Similar activation barriers were observed in Na 2Mg(NH 2BH 3) 4 and composite systems, suggesting that metal hydride mediation may be the internal barrier that dominates the kinetic barrier of the composite system. First-principles calculations also showed that the thermodynamic stability of metal amidoborane (MNH 2BH 3, MAB) increases with decreasing Pauling electronegativity of the metal. Based on the calculated results, a reactant stabilization approach was proposed, which suggests that forming a stable reactant is an effective way of reducing the exothermicity of the dehydrogenation of metal amidoborane. © 2012 American Chemical Society.
Source Title: Chemistry of Materials
ISSN: 08974756
DOI: 10.1021/cm301662q
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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