Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0609779
Title: Antioxidant capacity and other bioactivities of the freeze-dried Amazonian palm berry, Euterpe oleraceae Mart. (Acai)
Authors: Schauss, A.G.
Wu, X.
Prior, R.L.
Ou, B.
Huang, D. 
Owens, J.
Agarwal, A.
Jensen, G.S.
Hart, A.N.
Shanbrom, E.
Keywords: Acai
Antioxidant
Cyclooxygenase (COX)
Euterpe oleraceae
HORAC
Lymphocyte proliferation assay
Macrophage phagocytosis assay
Nitric oxide assay
NORAC
ORAC FL
Reactive oxygen species (ROS)
SOD
Superoxide
TAO
Issue Date: 1-Nov-2006
Source: Schauss, A.G., Wu, X., Prior, R.L., Ou, B., Huang, D., Owens, J., Agarwal, A., Jensen, G.S., Hart, A.N., Shanbrom, E. (2006-11-01). Antioxidant capacity and other bioactivities of the freeze-dried Amazonian palm berry, Euterpe oleraceae Mart. (Acai). Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 54 (22) : 8604-8610. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0609779
Abstract: The fruit of Euterpe oleraceae, commonly known as acai, has been demonstrated to exhibit significantly high antioxidant capacity in vitro, especially for superoxide and peroxyl scavenging, and, therefore, may have possible health benefits. In this study, the antioxidant capacities of freeze-dried acai fruit pulp/skin powder (OptiAcai) were evaluated by different assays with various free radical sources. It was found to have exceptional activity against superoxide in the superoxide scavenging (SOD) assay, the highest of any food reported to date against the peroxyl radical as measured by the oxygen radical absorbance capacity assay with fluorescein as the fluorescent probe (ORACFL), and mild activity against both the peroxynitrite and hydroxyl radical by the peroxynitrite averting capacity (NORAC) and hydroxyl radical averting capacity (HORAC) assays, respectively. The SOD of acai was 1614 units/g, an extremely high scavenging capacity for O2 •-, by far the highest of any fruit or vegetable tested to date. Total phenolics were also tested as comparison. In the total antioxidant (TAO) assay, antioxidants in acai were differentiated into "slow-acting" and "fast-acting" components. An assay measuring inhibition of reactive oxygen species (ROS) formation in freshly purified human neutrophils showed that antioxidants in acai are able to enter human cells in a fully functional form and to perform an oxygen quenching function at very low doses. Furthermore, other bioactivities related to anti-inflammation and immune functions were also investigated. Acai was found to be a potential cyclooxygenase (COX)-1 and COX-2 inhibitor. It also showed a weak effect on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced nitric oxide but no effect on either lymphocyte proliferation and phagocytic capacity. © 2006 American Chemical Society.
Source Title: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/93121
ISSN: 00218561
DOI: 10.1021/jf0609779
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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