Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2012.12.002
Title: When birds of a feather don't flock together: Different scientists and the roles they play in biotech R&D alliances
Authors: Subramanian, A.M. 
Lim, K.
Soh, P.-H.
Keywords: Biotechnology
Bridging scientists
Patents
Publications
R&D alliances
Scientific human capital
Issue Date: Apr-2013
Citation: Subramanian, A.M., Lim, K., Soh, P.-H. (2013-04). When birds of a feather don't flock together: Different scientists and the roles they play in biotech R&D alliances. Research Policy 42 (3) : 595-612. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2012.12.002
Abstract: A firm's ability to produce high-impact innovations depends upon the nature of its R&D alliances as well as its composition of scientific human capital. The firm's scientific human capital is made up of its scientists, who produce valuable research outputs and who engage with the broader scientific community, thus helping the firm to integrate new knowledge from universities and other firms. In this paper, we examine heterogeneity within the firm's scientific human capital, emphasizing the distinct role of 'bridging scientists' who engage in two related but dissimilar scientific activities: patenting and publishing. Using a panel dataset of 222 firms in biotechnology between 1990 and 2000, we show that bridging scientists have a positive and significant impact on patent performance relative to other scientists within the firm. Looking closer at bridging scientists, we draw a distinction between Pasteur bridging scientists and Edison bridging scientists, with the latter having less of an orientation towards fundamental research. We show that both types of bridging scientists complement the focal firm's R&D alliances with other firms. However, Pasteur bridging scientists are substitutive with university R&D alliances while Edison bridging scientists are complementary. Our findings suggest that the composition of a firm's scientific human capital and its R&D alliances interact in subtle ways to impact patent performance. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.
Source Title: Research Policy
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/92845
ISSN: 00487333
DOI: 10.1016/j.respol.2012.12.002
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