Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1097-0363(19990815)30:73.0.CO;2-E
Title: Numerical study of effects of pulsatile amplitude for transitional turbulent pulsatile flow in pipes with ring-type constrictions
Authors: Lee, T.S. 
Shi, Z.D.
Keywords: Orifice
Pulsatile flow
Ring-type constriction
Turbulent flow
Issue Date: 1999
Citation: Lee, T.S.,Shi, Z.D. (1999). Numerical study of effects of pulsatile amplitude for transitional turbulent pulsatile flow in pipes with ring-type constrictions. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids 30 (7) : 813-830. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1097-0363(19990815)30:73.0.CO;2-E
Abstract: The effects of pulsatile amplitude on sinusoidal transitional turbulent flows through a rigid pipe in the vicinity of a sharp-edged mechanical ring-type constriction have been studied numerically. Pulsatile flows were studied for transitional turbulent flow with Reynolds number (Re) of the order of 104. Womersley number (Nw) of the order of 50 with a corresponding Strouhal number (St) of the order of 0.04. The pulsatile flow considered is a sinusoidal flow with dimensionless amplitudes varying from 0.0 to 1.0. Transitional laminar and turbulent flow characteristics in an alternative manner within the pulsatile flow fields were observed and studied numerically. The flow characteristics were studied through the pulsatile contours of streamlines, vorticity, shear stress and isobars. It was observed that fluid accelerations tend to suppress the development of flow disturbances. All the instantaneous maximum values of turbulent kinetic energy, turbulent viscosity, turbulent shear stress are smaller during the acceleration phase when compared with those during deceleration period. Various parametric equations within a pulsatile cycle have also been formulated through numerical experimentations with different pulsatile amplitudes. In the vicinity of constrictions, the empirical relationships were obtained for the instantaneous flow rate (Q), the pressure gradient (dp/dz), the pressure loss (P(loss)), the maximum velocity (V(max)), the maximum vorticity (ζ(max)), the maximum wall vorticity (ζ(w,max)), the maximum shear stress (τ(max)) and the maximum wall shear stress (τ(w,max)). Elliptic relation was observed between flow rate and pressure gradient. Quadratic relations were observed between flow rate and the pressure loss, the maximum values of shear stress, wall shear stress, turbulent kinematic energy and the turbulent viscosity. Linear relationships exist between the instantaneous flow rate and the maximum values of vorticity, wall vorticity and velocity. The time-average axial pressure gradient and the time average pressure loss across the constriction were observed to increase linearly with the pulsatile amplitude.
Source Title: International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/92756
ISSN: 02712091
DOI: 10.1002/(SICI)1097-0363(19990815)30:73.0.CO;2-E
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