Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1109/TADVP.2002.805316
Title: Thermal and electroless deposition of copper on poly(tetrafluoroet hylene-co-hexafluoropropylene) films modified by surface graft copolymerization
Authors: Yang, G.H.
Kang, E.T. 
Neoh, K.G. 
Keywords: Adhesion strength
Electroless plating
Evaporated copper
FEP
Surface grafting
Issue Date: Aug-2002
Citation: Yang, G.H., Kang, E.T., Neoh, K.G. (2002-08). Thermal and electroless deposition of copper on poly(tetrafluoroet hylene-co-hexafluoropropylene) films modified by surface graft copolymerization. IEEE Transactions on Advanced Packaging 25 (3) : 365-373. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1109/TADVP.2002.805316
Abstract: Surface modification of Ar plasma-pretreated poly(tetrafluoroethylene-co-hexafluoropropylene) (FEP) film via UV-induced graft copolymerization, under atmospheric conditions, with 4-vinylpyridine (4VP), 2-vinylpyridine (2VP) and 1-vinylimidazole (VIDz) was carried out to improve the adhesion with the thermally evaporated and the electrolessly deposited copper. The surface composition and structure of the graft-copolymerized FEP films were characterized by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and atomic force microscope (AFM), respectively. The electroless plating of copper on the graft-copolymerized FEP film could be carried out in the absence of sensitization by SnCl2 (the Sn-free activation process). The adhesion strength of the thermally evaporated and the electrolessly deposited copper on the FEP surfaces was affected by the type of monomers used for graft copolymerization and the surface graft concentration. The T-peel adhesion strengths of the electrolessly deposited copper on the 4VP, 2VP and VIDz graft-copolymerized FEP films with 90-s of Ar plasma pretreatment were about 9.8 N/cm, 7.3 N/cm and 4.9 N/cm, respectively. The T-peel adhesion strengths of the thermal evaporated copper on the corresponding FEP surfaces were generally lower, possibly due to the reduced spatial interactions between the evaporated metal and the graft chains.
Source Title: IEEE Transactions on Advanced Packaging
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/92497
ISSN: 15213323
DOI: 10.1109/TADVP.2002.805316
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