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Title: Study on multi-layer composite hollow fiber membranes for gas separation
Authors: Shieh, J.-J. 
Chung, T.-S. 
Paul, D.R.
Keywords: Gas separation
Hollow fiber
Multilayer composite membrane
Resistance model
Issue Date: 22-Jan-1999
Citation: Shieh, J.-J., Chung, T.-S., Paul, D.R. (1999-01-22). Study on multi-layer composite hollow fiber membranes for gas separation. Chemical Engineering Science 54 (5) : 675-684. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Novel multi-layer composite hollow fiber membranes were prepared using silicone rubber, poly(4-vinylpyridine) and polysulfone as sealing layer, selective layer and support layer, respectively. The resultant composite membranes possess a different structural configuration from the conventional multilayer composite membranes, i.e. (sealing layer)/(selective layer)/(support layer) versus (selective layer)/(gutter layer)/(support layer). The new membrane structure lead to high performance membranes for gas separation applications. For example, the polysulfone hollow fiber membrane coated from a 3 wt% silicone rubber solution and a 0.2 wt% poly(4-vinylpyridine) solution had an O2 permeance of 6.69 x 10-6 cm3(STP)/cm2 s cmHg with O2/N2 selectivity of 7.26. From the permeation results of polysulfone hollow fibers coated with poly(4-vinylpyridine) and SEM photo micrographs, it was concluded that the surface of poly(4-vinylpyridine) layer was defective and the high membrane performance was rendered only after coating with a silicone rubber layer. The analysis by a resistance model suggested that the poly(4-vinylpyridine) layer comprised most of the resistance(99%) and provided the separation performance. The surface porosity of the polysulfone support layer and the permeability of poly(4-vinylpyridine) can also be roughly calculated by applying the resistance model.
Source Title: Chemical Engineering Science
ISSN: 00092509
DOI: 10.1016/S0009-2509(98)00256-5
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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