Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0376-7388(99)00030-7
Title: Polymeric asymmetric membranes made from polyetherimide/polybenzimidazole/poly(ethylene glycol) (PEI/PBI/PEG) for oil-surfactant-water separation
Authors: Xu, Z.-L. 
Chung, T.-S. 
Loh, K.-C. 
Lim, B.C.
Keywords: Asymmetric membrane
Oil-surfactant-water emulsion
Oil-water separation
Poly(ethylene glycol)
Polybenzimidazole
Polyetherimide
Issue Date: 1-Jun-1999
Source: Xu, Z.-L., Chung, T.-S., Loh, K.-C., Lim, B.C. (1999-06-01). Polymeric asymmetric membranes made from polyetherimide/polybenzimidazole/poly(ethylene glycol) (PEI/PBI/PEG) for oil-surfactant-water separation. Journal of Membrane Science 158 (1-2) : 41-53. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0376-7388(99)00030-7
Abstract: Using polyetherimide (PEI) as the membrane material and polybenzimidazole (PBI) and poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG 600) as the additives, we have studied the asymmetric hollow fiber membranes prepared from wet-spun 25wt% solids of 20:5:75 (wt ratio) PEI/PEG 600/DMAc and 19:1:5:75 PEI/PBI/PEG 600/DMAc solutions for oil-surfactant-water separation. We found that: (1) the addition of PBI in PEI/PEG dope solution resulted in the membrane morphology change from the finger-like structure to the spongy structure, and (2) bore fluid chemistry significantly affect the membrane permeability. Pure water permeation fluxes of 19:1:5 PEI:PBI:PEG 600 hollow fibers which used 97:3 DMAc:water solution as bore fluid were about 30-fold of that used water as bore fluid (62.7-71.5 vs. 1.8l/m2hbar). The former eliminated hydrodynamic resistance to water on the internal surface of hollow fiber membrane. For oil-surfactant-water emulsion systems (1600ppm surfactant of sodium dodecylbenzenesulfonate and 2500ppm oil of n-decane), experimental results illustrated that the rejection rates for surfactant, total organic carbon and oil were 51.4-79.1%, 83.1-92.7% and more than 99%, respectively. Based on the T(g) data, PEG existed in hollow fiber membranes and increased the hydrophilicity of membranes because all T(g) data were less than that of a neat PEI. In addition, using sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) as a post-treatment agent for membranes did not show an improvement in membrane permeability, while the elongation at break of treated hollow fiber membranes decreased significantly. Copyright (C) 1999 Elsevier Science B.V.
Source Title: Journal of Membrane Science
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/92256
ISSN: 03767388
DOI: 10.1016/S0376-7388(99)00030-7
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