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Title: Modification of poly(tetrafluoroethylene) and gold surfaces by thermal graft copolymerization for adhesion improvement
Authors: Zhang, J.
Cui, C.Q.
Lim, T.B.
Kang, E.-T. 
Neoh, K.G. 
Issue Date: 2000
Citation: Zhang, J., Cui, C.Q., Lim, T.B., Kang, E.-T., Neoh, K.G. (2000). Modification of poly(tetrafluoroethylene) and gold surfaces by thermal graft copolymerization for adhesion improvement. Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology 14 (4) : 507-527. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: The adhesion between a poly(tetrafluoroethylene) (PTFE) film and a gold substrate was achieved by surface graft copolymerization of glycidyl methacrylate (GMA) on an argon plasma-pretreated PTFE film at elevated temperature with simultaneous lamination to a surface-modified gold substrate. The plasma pretreatment introduces peroxides which are thermally degraded into radicals to initiate the graft copolymerization of GMA on the PTFE surface. The gold surface, on the other hand, was first pretreated with 3-mercaptopropionic acid (MPA), 3-mercaptopropionic acid-2-ethylhexyl ester (MPAEE), or (3-mercaptopropyl)trimethoxysilane (MPTMS) to form self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) and then subjected to Ar plasma treatment. The simultaneous graft copolymerization and lamination of the PTFE film to the gold surface was carried out in the presence of GMA and an amine hardener at an elevated temperature under atmospheric conditions. The modified surfaces and interfaces were characterized by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and contact angle measurements. The gold/GMA/PTFE assembly exhibited a T-peel adhesion strength above 10 N/cm and the joint delaminated by cohesive failure inside the bulk of the PTFE film. The strong adhesion of the Au/PTFE laminate is the result of concurrent graft copolymerization on both the Ar plasma-pretreated PTFE surface and the SAM of the Au surface to form a covalent network. The network is further strengthened by the crosslinking reaction promoted by the presence of the hardener.
Source Title: Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology
ISSN: 01694243
DOI: 10.1163/156856100742717
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