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Title: Impact of biomass burning on rainwater acidity and composition in Singapore
Authors: Balasubramanian, R. 
Victor, T. 
Begum, R.
Issue Date: 20-Nov-1999
Source: Balasubramanian, R.,Victor, T.,Begum, R. (1999-11-20). Impact of biomass burning on rainwater acidity and composition in Singapore. Journal of Geophysical Research D: Atmospheres 104 (D21) : 26881-26890. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: The Indonesian forest fires that took place from August through October 1997 released large amounts of gaseous and particulate pollutants into the atmosphere. The particulate emissions produced a plume that was easily visible by satellite and significantly affected regional air quality in Southeast Asia. This prolonged haze episode provided an unprecedented opportunity to examine the effects of biomass burning on regional atmospheric chemistry. We undertook a comprehensive field study to assess the influence of biomass burning impacted air masses on precipitation chemistry in Singapore. Major inorganic and organic ions were determined in 104 rain samples collected using an automated wet-only sampler from July through December 1997. Mean pH values ranged from 3.79 to 6.20 with a volume-weighted mean of 4.35. There was a substantially large number of rain events with elevated concentrations of these ions during the biomass burning period. The relatively high concentrations of SO4 2-, NO3 -, and NH4 + observed during the burning period are attributed to a long residence time of air masses, leading to progressive gas to particle conversion of biomass burning emission components. The decrease in pH of precipitation in response to the increased concentrations of acids is only marginal, which is ascribed to neutralization of acidity by NH3 and CaCO3. Copyright 1999 by the American Geophysical Union.
Source Title: Journal of Geophysical Research D: Atmospheres
ISSN: 01480227
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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