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Title: Effect of dope flow rate on the morphology, separation performance, thermal and mechanical properties of ultrafiltration hollow fibre membranes
Authors: Qin, J.
Chung, T.-S. 
Keywords: Hollow fibre spinning
Pore size
Shear stress effect
Ultrafiltration membranes
Issue Date: 1-May-1999
Citation: Qin, J., Chung, T.-S. (1999-05-01). Effect of dope flow rate on the morphology, separation performance, thermal and mechanical properties of ultrafiltration hollow fibre membranes. Journal of Membrane Science 157 (1) : 35-51. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: We have determined the effects of dope extrusion speed (or shear rate within a spinneret) during hollow fibre spinning on ultrafiltration membrane's morphology, permeability and separation performance, and thermal and mechanical properties. We purposely chose wet-spinning process to fabricate the hollow fibres without drawing and used water as the external coagulant in the belief that the effects of gravity and elongation stress on fibre formation could be significantly reduced and the orientation induced by shear stress within the spinneret could be frozen into the wet-spun fibres. An 86/14 (weight ratio) NMP/H2O mixture was employed as the bore fluid with a constant ratio of dope fluid to bore fluid flow rate while increasing the spinning speed from 2.0 to 17.2m/min in order to minimise the complicated coupling effects of elongation stress, uneven external solvent exchange rates, and inner skin resistance on fibre formation and separation performance. Hollow fibre UF membranes were made from a dope solution containing polyethersulphone (PES)/N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone (NMP)/diethylene glycol (DG) with a weight ratio of 18/42/40. This dope formulation was very close to its cloud point (binodal line) in order to speed up the coagulation of nascent fibres as much as possible so that the relaxation effect on molecular orientation was reduced. Experimental results suggested that a higher dope flow rate (shear rate) in the spinneret resulted in a hollow fibre UF membrane with a smaller pore size and a denser skin due to a greater molecular orientation. As a result, when the dope extrusion speed increased, pore size, water permeability, CTE and elongation of the final membranes decreased, but the separation performance, storage modulus, tensile strength and Young's modulus increased. Most surprisingly, for the first time, we found that there was a certain critical value, when the dope extrusion rate was over this value, the final fibre performance could not be influenced significantly. The results suggested that it was possible to dramatically enhance the production efficiency of hollow fibre UF membranes with the same fibre dimension and similar separation performance by the method proposed in this paper. Copyright (C) 1999 Elsevier Science B.V.
Source Title: Journal of Membrane Science
ISSN: 03767388
DOI: 10.1016/S0376-7388(98)00361-5
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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