Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/91930
Title: Dimensional Control of Cobalt-hydroxide-carbonate Nanorods and Their Thermal Conversion to One-dimensional Arrays of Co3O4 Nanoparticles
Authors: Xu, R.
Zeng, H.C. 
Issue Date: 20-Nov-2003
Citation: Xu, R.,Zeng, H.C. (2003-11-20). Dimensional Control of Cobalt-hydroxide-carbonate Nanorods and Their Thermal Conversion to One-dimensional Arrays of Co3O4 Nanoparticles. Journal of Physical Chemistry B 107 (46) : 12643-12649. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: We report a detailed investigation on the formation of cobalt-basic-carbonate compounds [Co(OH)x (CO3) 0.5(2-x)·nH2O] with dimensional and morphological controls. Two complementary precipitation methods developed in this work produce cobalt-basic-carbonate in the form of nanorods across a wide diameter span from 2 to 200 nm and a length up to 5 μm. Various controlling parameters were examined, such as anions in starting reagents, reaction temperature, aging time, and chemical compositions between the solid products and starting reagents. The resultant solids were characterized using XRD, FTIR, CHN, and TGA/DrTGA methods with respect to their formation process and thermal decomposition. More importantly, morphological aspects of the Co(OH) x(CO3)0.5(2-x)·nH2O] and their heat-treated product Co3O4 were investigated with TEMED methods. It has been found that the Co(OH)x(CO 3)0.5(2-x)·nH2O nanorods are grown along the [010] direction (orthorhombic). Upon thermal decomposition at ≥300 °C, the above nanorods self-assemble into one-dimensional arrays of Co 3O4 nanoparticles along the [111] axis (cubic) of the spinel. Co3O4 nanorods can be prepared with this method in a small diameter regime of 20-40 nm.
Source Title: Journal of Physical Chemistry B
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/91930
ISSN: 15206106
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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