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|Title:||Surface photografting of low-density polyethylene films and its relevance to photolamination|
|Source:||Wang, T.,Lim, W.P.,Kang, E.T.,Neoh, K.G.,Fuh, J.Y.H.,Lu, L.,Nee, A.Y.C. (1997). Surface photografting of low-density polyethylene films and its relevance to photolamination. Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology 11 (9) : 1211-1227. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.|
|Abstract:||Surface modifications of pristine and ozone-pretreated low-density polyethylene (LDPE) films were carried out via UV-induced graft copolymerization with a photoinitiator-containing. epoxy-based commercial monomer (DuPont Somos™ 6100 for solid imaging and optical lithography) and also with the photoinitiator-free acrylic acid (AAc). The chemical composition and microstructure of the graft copolymerized surfaces were studied by angle-resolved X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The concentration of surface grafted polymer increased with the UV illumination time and the monomer concentration. For LDPE films graft copolymerized with the epoxy-based monomer. surface chain rearrangement was not observed or was less well pronounced, due to the partial crosslinking of the grafted chains. Simultaneous photografting and photolamination between two LDPE films, or between a LDPE film and a poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) film, in the presence of either monomer system, were also investigated. The photolamination rates and strengths depend on the ozone pretreatment time, the UV illumination time, and the UV wavelength, as well as on the nature of the substrate materials. A shear adhesion strength approaching 15O N/cm2 could be achieved with either monomer system, provided that the polymer films were pretreated with ozone. The failure mode of the photolaminated surfaces was cohesive in nature in the case of the photoinitiator-containing epoxy monomer, but was either cohesive or adhesional in nature (depending on the substrate assembly) in the case of the photoinitiator-free AAc monomer.|
|Source Title:||Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology|
|Appears in Collections:||Staff Publications|
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