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|Title:||Structural changes associated with thermal and chemical treatment of polythiophenes doped with perchlorate|
|Authors:||Neoh, K.G. |
|Citation:||Neoh, K.G.,Kang, E.T.,Tan, K.L. (1991). Structural changes associated with thermal and chemical treatment of polythiophenes doped with perchlorate. Polymer Degradation and Stability 31 (1) : 37-49. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.|
|Abstract:||Electrically conductive polymers have been synthesized by the reaction of 3-methylthiophene or 2,2′-bithiophene with ferric perchlorate. With copper perchlorate, only 2,2′-bithiophene undergoes simultaneous polymerization and oxidation. Neither ferric perchlorate nor copper perchlorate reacts with thiophene to yield a conducting polymer. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy of the perchlorate doped polythiophenes indicates that, depending on the perchlorate used, a significant amount of the chlorine may be covalently bonded to the polymer. Treatment of the doped samples with methanol results in the ClO4 - S ratio decreasing to one-third of the pristine value. Treatment with NaOH results in almost complete removal of the ClO4 - anions in poly(bithiophene) synthesized with Fe(ClO4)3. 9H2O. Concurrent with the loss of ClO4 - anions is the decrease in electrical conductivity. The undoped polymer has a high degree of thermal stability while the decomposition of the doped polymer appears to be initiated by the decomposition of the ClO4 - anions. Prolonged heating of the doped samples at 150°C results in the conversion of ClO4 - anions to Cl covalently bonded to the polymer and to volatile species which are lost from the polymer. © 1990.|
|Source Title:||Polymer Degradation and Stability|
|Appears in Collections:||Staff Publications|
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