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Title: Improved Nile Red staining of Nannochloropsis sp.
Authors: Doan, T.-T.Y.
Obbard, J.P. 
Keywords: DMSO
Nannochloropsis sp.
Neutral lipid
Nile Red (NR)
Issue Date: Oct-2011
Citation: Doan, T.-T.Y., Obbard, J.P. (2011-10). Improved Nile Red staining of Nannochloropsis sp.. Journal of Applied Phycology 23 (5) : 895-901. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: High-throughput screening of microalgae for use as a potential feedstock for biodiesel requires a reliable method for the rapid detection of intracellular neutral lipid content. In this study, we report a modified and improved Nile Red (NR) fluorescence staining procedure for use as a rapid and sensitive screening tool to estimate levels of intracellular neutral lipid in the picopleustonic microalgae, Nannochloropsis sp. Addition of either glycerol or dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) into microalgae cultures greatly enhances lipid staining efficiency and increases the fluorescence intensity of stained cells. The optimized procedure requires glycerol and DMSO at the concentration of 0.1 and 0.165 g mL-1, respectively, for peak fluorescence in a live culture of Nannochloropsis sp. Incubation for 5 min for glycerol-NR staining and 10 min for DMSO-NR staining at room temperature, in darkness, is used for the NR concentration of 0.3 and 0.7 μg mL-1 for glycerol and DMSO, respectively. For the selection of lipid-rich cells of Nannochloropsis sp. using flow cytometric cell sorting, the glycerol-NR procedure is recommended as glycerol, unlike DMSO, does not inhibit subsequent growth of sorted cells. © 2010 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
Source Title: Journal of Applied Phycology
ISSN: 09218971
DOI: 10.1007/s10811-010-9608-5
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