Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
|Title:||Estimation of number of fatalities caused by toxic gases due to fire in road tunnels|
Fractional effective dose
Number of fatalities
|Citation:||Qu, X., Meng, Q., Liu, Z. (2013-01). Estimation of number of fatalities caused by toxic gases due to fire in road tunnels. Accident Analysis and Prevention 50 : 616-621. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2012.06.010|
|Abstract:||The quantitative risk assessment (QRA) is one of the explicit requirements under the European Union (EU) Directive (2004/54/EC). As part of this, it is essential to be able to estimate the number of fatalities in different accident scenarios. In this paper, a tangible methodology is developed to estimate the number of fatalities caused by toxic gases due to fire in road tunnels by incorporating traffic flow and the spread of fire in tunnels. First, a deterministic queuing model is proposed to calculate the number of people at risk, by taking into account tunnel geometry, traffic flow patterns, and incident response plans for road tunnels. Second, the Fire Dynamics Simulator (FDS) is used to obtain the temperature and concentrations of CO, CO 2, and O2. By taking advantage of the additivity of the fractional effective dose (FED) method, fatality rates for different locations in given time periods can be estimated. An illustrative case study is carried out to demonstrate the applicability of the proposed methodology. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.|
|Source Title:||Accident Analysis and Prevention|
|Appears in Collections:||Staff Publications|
Show full item record
Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.
checked on May 19, 2018
WEB OF SCIENCETM
checked on Apr 2, 2018
checked on May 18, 2018
Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.