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Title: Effective and low fouling oil/water separation by a novel hollow fiber membrane with both hydrophilic and oleophobic surface properties
Authors: Zhu, X.
Tu, W.
Wee, K.-H.
Bai, R. 
Keywords: Hydrophilic and oleophobic surface property
Low-fouling performance
Novel hollow fiber membrane
Oil/water separation
Issue Date: 15-Sep-2014
Citation: Zhu, X., Tu, W., Wee, K.-H., Bai, R. (2014-09-15). Effective and low fouling oil/water separation by a novel hollow fiber membrane with both hydrophilic and oleophobic surface properties. Journal of Membrane Science 466 : 36-44. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Membrane filtration for oil/water separation has the potential to provide a simple system with high separation efficiency for oily wastewater treatment. However, conventional membranes are usually subject to severe oil fouling, which has greatly limited the application of membrane technology in oily wastewater management so far. In this study, a novel hollow fiber membrane showing both hydrophilic and oleophobic surface properties was prepared and tested for its oil/water separation performance. The hollow fiber membrane was prepared from polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) as the base material and a modified PVDF copolymer with hydrophilic and oleophobic segments as the additive (denoted as AP). The developed hollow fiber membrane was packed into membrane modules for the treatment of artificial oily wastewater samples prepared from hexadecane or crude oil emulsions and real oily wastewater samples collected from a palm oil mill in Malaysia. The experimental results indicate that, as compared to the control PVDF membrane or a modified PVDF membrane with hydrophilic surface property, the developed novel hollow fiber membrane exhibited excellent performances.with much higher water flux, less flux decay during oily wastewater filtration, and significantly higher or almost complete flux recovery from a simple physical cleaning (e.g., water flushing or backwashing) after a filtration run, while achieved the same or usually higher oil removal efficiency. Since the hollow fiber membrane can be easily scaled up to the full module for practical use, there is a great prospect for the developed novel hollow fiber membrane to be used as an effective method for oily wastewater treatment. © 2014 Elsevier B.V.
Source Title: Journal of Membrane Science
ISSN: 18733123
DOI: 10.1016/j.memsci.2014.04.038
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