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|Title:||Determination of cephalosporin antibiotics in water samples by optimised solid phase extraction and high performance liquid chromatography with ultraviolet detector|
High performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)
Solid phase extraction (SPE)
|Source:||Wang, P.,Yuan, T.,Hu, J.,Tan, Y. (2011-11). Determination of cephalosporin antibiotics in water samples by optimised solid phase extraction and high performance liquid chromatography with ultraviolet detector. International Journal of Environmental Analytical Chemistry 91 (13) : 1267-1281. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.|
|Abstract:||A reliable and robust analytical method based on solid phase extraction (SPE) and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with ultraviolet (UV) detector was developed for the simultaneous determination of five cephalosporin antibiotics (Ceftazidime, Cefradine, Cefaclor, Cefotaxime and Cefoperazone) in various water samples. Under optimised conditions, it was applicable to preconcentrate up to 500 ml of water samples in the OASIS HLB cartridges with reasonable recoveries for all the cephalosporin antibiotics tested. Recoveries were as follows: deionised water, tap water and groundwater, between 84.2 and 98.9%; surface water, between 71.2 and 81.0%; influent and effluent of wastewater treatment plant (WWTP), between 56.9 and 72.1%. The method detection limits (MDLs) for different water samples were in the range of 26 to 59 ng l -1. Real water samples were analysed using the proposed approach to demonstrate the applicability and validation. Negative results were obtained for the tap water and groundwater. However, all the selected cephalosporin antibiotics were identified in the influent and effluent of a local WWTP at ng l -1-μg l -1 level. In addition, Ceftazidime was found in surface water with a concentration of 0.75-2.60 μg l -1. The results indicate that the 'pseudo-persistent' contamination of cephalosporin antibiotics in the water environment could not be neglected. © 2011 Taylor & Francis.|
|Source Title:||International Journal of Environmental Analytical Chemistry|
|Appears in Collections:||Staff Publications|
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