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|Title:||Chemical, structural and combustion characteristics of carbonaceous products obtained by hydrothermal carbonization of palm empty fruit bunches|
Kent Hoekman, S.
|Source:||Parshetti, G.K., Kent Hoekman, S., Balasubramanian, R. (2013-05). Chemical, structural and combustion characteristics of carbonaceous products obtained by hydrothermal carbonization of palm empty fruit bunches. Bioresource Technology 135 : 683-689. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2012.09.042|
|Abstract:||A carbon-rich solid product, denoted as hydrochar, was synthesized by hydrothermal carbonization (HTC) of palm oil empty fruit bunch (EFB), at different pre-treatment temperatures of 150, 250 and 350°C. The conversion of the raw biomass to its hydrochar occurred via dehydration and decarboxylation processes. The hydrochar produced at 350°C had the maximum energy-density (>27MJkg-1) with 68.52% of raw EFB energy retained in the char. To gain a detailed insight into the chemical and structural properties, carbonaceous hydrochar materials were characterized by FE-SEM, FT-IR, XRD and Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) analyses. This work also investigated the influence of hydrothermally treated hydrochars on the co-combustion characteristics of low rank Indonesian coal. Conventional thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA) parameters, kinetics and activation energy of different hydrochar and coal blends were estimated. Our results show that solid hydrochars improve the combustion of low rank coals for energy generation. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.|
|Source Title:||Bioresource Technology|
|Appears in Collections:||Staff Publications|
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