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|Title:||Engineering mammalian cells in bioprocessing - Current achievements and future perspectives|
Mammalian cell culture
|Source:||Lim, Y., Wong, N.S.C., Lee, Y.Y., Ku, S.C.Y., Wong, D.C.F., Yap, M.G.S. (2010-04). Engineering mammalian cells in bioprocessing - Current achievements and future perspectives. Biotechnology and Applied Biochemistry 55 (4) : 175-189. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1042/BA20090363|
|Abstract:||Over the past 20 years, we have seen significant improvements in product titres from 50 mg/l to 5-10 g/l, a more than 100-fold increase. The main methods that have been employed to achieve this increase in product titre have been through the manipulation of culture media and process control strategies, such as the optimization of fed-batch processes. An alternative means to increase productivity has been through the engineering of host cells by altering cellular processes. Recombinant DNA technology has been used to overexpress or suppress specific genes to endow particular phenotypes. Cellular processes that have been altered in host cells include metabolism, cell cycle, protein secretion and apoptosis. Cell engineering has also been employed to improve post-translational modifications such as glycosylation. In this article, an overview of the main cell engineering strategies previously employed and the impact of these strategies are presented. Many of these strategies focus on engineering cell lines with more efficient carbon metabolism towards reducing waste metabolites, achieving a biphasic production system by engineering cell cycle control, increasing protein secretion by targeting specific endoplasmic reticulum stress chaperones, delaying cell death by targeting anti-apoptosis genes, and engineering glycosylation by enhancing recombinant protein sialylation and antibody glycosylation. Future perspectives for host cell engineering, and possible areas of research, are also discussed in this review. © 2010 Portland Press Limited.|
|Source Title:||Biotechnology and Applied Biochemistry|
|Appears in Collections:||Staff Publications|
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