Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biomaterials.2010.03.002
Title: The use of submicron/nanoscale PLGA implants to deliver paclitaxel with enhanced pharmacokinetics and therapeutic efficacy in intracranial glioblastoma in mice
Authors: Ranganath, S.H. 
Fu, Y. 
Arifin, D.Y. 
Kee, I.
Zheng, L.
Lee, H.-S.
Chow, P.K.-H. 
Wang, C.-H. 
Keywords: Chemotherapy
Glioblastoma
Paclitaxel
Polymers
Submicron/nanoscale
Issue Date: Jul-2010
Citation: Ranganath, S.H., Fu, Y., Arifin, D.Y., Kee, I., Zheng, L., Lee, H.-S., Chow, P.K.-H., Wang, C.-H. (2010-07). The use of submicron/nanoscale PLGA implants to deliver paclitaxel with enhanced pharmacokinetics and therapeutic efficacy in intracranial glioblastoma in mice. Biomaterials 31 (19) : 5199-5207. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biomaterials.2010.03.002
Abstract: Pharmacokinetics and therapeutic efficacy of submicron/nanoscale, intracranial implants were evaluated for treating malignant glioblastoma in mice. 9.1% (w/w) paclitaxel-loaded polylactide-co-glycolide (PLGA) nanofiber discs (F3) were fabricated and characterized for morphology and size distribution. Along with F3, three other formulations, 9.1% (w/w) paclitaxel-loaded PLGA submicron-fiber discs (F2), 16.7% (w/w) paclitaxel-loaded PLGA microspheres entrapped in hydrogel matrices (H80 and M80) were intracranially implanted in BALB/c mice and the coronal brain sections were analyzed for bio-distribution of paclitaxel on 14, 28 and 42 days post-implantation. BALB/c nude mice with intracranial human glioblastoma (U87 MG-luc2) were used in the therapeutic efficacy study. Animals were randomized to intracranial implantation of F3 and H80 with paclitaxel dose of 10mg/kg, placebo F3, placebo H80, weekly intratumoral injection of Taxol® (10mg/kg) or no treatment and the treatment response was analyzed by bioluminescence imaging and histological (H&E, Ki-67) examinations. Enhanced, therapeutic paclitaxel penetration (∼1μm) in the mouse brain up to 5mm from the implant site even after 42 days post-implantation from F3 and H80 was confirmed and deduced to be diffusion/elimination controlled. F3 and H80 demonstrated significant (∼30 fold) tumor inhibition and significantly low tumor proliferation index after 41 days of treatment in comparison to sham and placebo controls. The submicron/nanoscale implants are able to demonstrate optimal paclitaxel pharmacokinetics in the brain/tumor with significant tumor inhibition in a glioblastoma xenograft model in mice and hence could be potentially useful to treat highly recurrent GBM. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd.
Source Title: Biomaterials
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/90369
ISSN: 01429612
DOI: 10.1016/j.biomaterials.2010.03.002
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