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Title: The solvates and salt of antibiotic agent, nitrofurantoin: Structural, thermochemical and desolvation studies
Authors: Vangala, V.R.
Chow, P.S.
Tan, R.B.H. 
Issue Date: 7-Feb-2013
Citation: Vangala, V.R., Chow, P.S., Tan, R.B.H. (2013-02-07). The solvates and salt of antibiotic agent, nitrofurantoin: Structural, thermochemical and desolvation studies. CrystEngComm 15 (5) : 878-889. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: The ability of an antibacterial agent, nitrofurantoin (NF), to form molecular complexes with various pyridyl bases and 4-aminobenzamide are investigated. Five solvates with the solvents pyridine (PYR, 1:1), 2/3/4-picolines (2/3/4PIC, 1:1), 3-picoline + water (3PIC, H2O, 1:1:1), two co-crystal solvates involving 2-pyridone (2PYR) or 4-aminobenzamide (4ABM) with a solvent acetonitrile (ACN) and a salt with 4-dimethylaminopyridine (DMAP) were identified and characterized. Crystal structure analysis revealed that the N-H⋯N heterosynthon between imide N-H and pyridyl-N are predominantly observed in the solvates involving NF, whereas in a salt (NF-4DMAP), the +N-H⋯N- heterosynthon is noted. Thermal analysis established the stability and confirmed molar ratios of the reported solvates. Desolvation of NF solvates, NF-PYR, NF-2PIC, NF-3PIC-H 2O, NF-3PIC, NF-4PIC, yielded the anhydrous NF (β-form). Interestingly, co-crystal solvates (NF-2PYR-ACN and NF-4ABM-ACN) upon desolvation produced novel anhydrous co-crystals. The results suggest that co-crystal solvates could be an alternative route to prepare anhydrous co-crystals that offer further avenues for expanding the new solid forms involving APIs. © 2013 The Royal Society of Chemistry.
Source Title: CrystEngComm
ISSN: 14668033
DOI: 10.1039/c2ce26575c
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