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Title: The importance of water in the polyol synthesis of carbon supported platinum-tin oxide catalysts for ethanol electrooxidation
Authors: Liu, B. 
Chia, Z.-W.
Lee, Z.-Y.
Cheng, C.-H.
Lee, J.-Y. 
Liu, Z.-L.
Keywords: Direct ethanol fuel cell
Ethanol electrooxidation reaction
Polyol synthesis
Issue Date: 15-May-2012
Citation: Liu, B., Chia, Z.-W., Lee, Z.-Y., Cheng, C.-H., Lee, J.-Y., Liu, Z.-L. (2012-05-15). The importance of water in the polyol synthesis of carbon supported platinum-tin oxide catalysts for ethanol electrooxidation. Journal of Power Sources 206 : 97-102. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Sn-modified platinum catalysts are presently one of the most active catalysts for the room temperature electrooxidation of ethanol at low potentials. In this study, Pt-SnO x/C catalysts are prepared by the polyol method in different ethylene glycol-water mixtures using a Pt:Sn atomic ratio of 3 in the preparation solution. When the water content in the synthesis is very low (2 vol.%), only a limited amount of Sn can be incorporated into the catalyst (Pt:Sn atomic ratio of 91:9). Increasing the water content in the synthesis increases the Sn content and the intrinsic activity for ethanol electrooxidation by the "bifunctional catalysis" mechanism; however, water content in excess of 50 vol.% is counterproductive since there is a corresponding growth in the catalyst particle size which results in a reduction of the electrochemically active surface area (ECSA). Experimentally a 50:50 (vol./vol.) mixture of ethylene glycol and water is the most effective since all the precursor metals in the preparation solution can be completely transferred to the target catalyst. The advantages are not only limited to composition control (concordance of catalyst composition and solution composition in preparation), but also a small particle size (∼2.2 nm) and the highest mass activity. © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Source Title: Journal of Power Sources
ISSN: 03787753
DOI: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2011.12.065
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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