Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1002/adfm.201302242
Title: Surface modification of silicone with covalently immobilized and crosslinked agarose for potential application in the inhibition of infection and omental wrapping
Authors: Li, M.
Neoh, K.-G. 
Kang, E.-T. 
Lau, T.
Chiong, E.
Keywords: agarose
antibacterials
antifouling
heparin
peritoneal dialysis
silicone
Issue Date: 19-Mar-2014
Citation: Li, M., Neoh, K.-G., Kang, E.-T., Lau, T., Chiong, E. (2014-03-19). Surface modification of silicone with covalently immobilized and crosslinked agarose for potential application in the inhibition of infection and omental wrapping. Advanced Functional Materials 24 (11) : 1631-1643. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1002/adfm.201302242
Abstract: In peritoneal dialysis (PD), the catheter, usually made of silicone, has been considered the "lifeline" of the patient. However, the PD catheter also serves as a nidus for bacterial infection. Furthermore, complications can result from fibrin deposition and omental wrapping of the catheter, which obstructs the dialysate flow. In this work, a crosslinked agarose (AG) polymer layer is covalently grafted as a microscale coating on the silicone surface. This coating reduces Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilm formation by more than two orders of magnitude. In addition, cell and platelet adhesion and protein adsorption is also reduced by ≥90%. Without compromising the antibacterial and antifouling property, further improvement in hemocompatibility, as shown by the inhibition of platelet adhesion and activation, prolonged plasma recalcification time and lower hemolysis degree, is achieved by co-immobilization of 2.6 μg cm -2 of heparin (HEP) in the agarose coating. The AG-HEP coatings are not cytotoxic to mammalian cells, and are stable for extended periods in lysozyme aqueous solution and under autoclaving at 121°C for 20 min. The surface modification of silicone with a microscale crosslinked agarose (AG)-heparin (HEP) layer is described. This natural polymer coating reduces biofilm formation by both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria by more than two orders of magnitude. In addition, the coating is highly stable, and has excellent antifouling and hemocompatible properties, as well as low cytotoxicity. © 2013 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
Source Title: Advanced Functional Materials
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/90239
ISSN: 1616301X
DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201302242
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