Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biomaterials.2005.03.021
Title: Poly(D,L-lactide-co-glycolide)/montmorillonite nanoparticles for oral delivery of anticancer drugs
Authors: Dong, Y. 
Feng, S.-S. 
Keywords: Anticancer drugs
Biodegradable polymers
Chemotherapy
Controlled release
Drug formulation
Medical clay
Issue Date: Oct-2005
Source: Dong, Y., Feng, S.-S. (2005-10). Poly(D,L-lactide-co-glycolide)/montmorillonite nanoparticles for oral delivery of anticancer drugs. Biomaterials 26 (30) : 6068-6076. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biomaterials.2005.03.021
Abstract: This research developed a novel bioadhesive drug delivery system, poly(d,l-lactide-co-glycolide)/montmorillonite (PLGA/MMT) nanoparticles, for oral delivery of paclitaxel. Paclitaxel-loaded PLGA/MMT nanoparticles were prepared by the emulsion/solvent evaporation method. MMT was incorporated in the formulation as a matrix material component, which also plays the role of a co-emulsifier in the nanoparticle preparation process. Paclitaxel-loaded PLGA/MMT nanoparticles were found to be of spherical shape with a mean size of around 310 nm and polydispersity of less than 0.150. Adding MMT component to the matrix material appears to have little influence on the particles size and the drug encapsulation efficiency. The drug release pattern was found biphasic with an initial burst followed by a slow, sustained release, which was not remarkably affected by the MMT component. Cellular uptake of the fluorescent coumarin 6-loaded PLGA/MMT nanoparticles showed that MMT enhanced the cellular uptake efficiency of the pure PLGA nanoparticles by 57-177% for Caco-2 cells and 11-55% for HT-29 cells, which was dependent on the amount of MMT and the particle concentration in incubation. Such a novel formulation is expected to possess extended residence time in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, which promotes oral delivery of paclitaxel. © 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Source Title: Biomaterials
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/89820
ISSN: 01429612
DOI: 10.1016/j.biomaterials.2005.03.021
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