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Title: Nano spray drying: A novel method for preparing protein nanoparticles for protein therapy
Authors: Lee, S.H.
Heng, D.
Ng, W.K.
Chan, H.-K.
Tan, R.B.H. 
Keywords: Bovine serum albumin
Nano spray dryer
Protein therapy
Spray drying
Issue Date: 17-Jan-2011
Citation: Lee, S.H., Heng, D., Ng, W.K., Chan, H.-K., Tan, R.B.H. (2011-01-17). Nano spray drying: A novel method for preparing protein nanoparticles for protein therapy. International Journal of Pharmaceutics 403 (1-2) : 192-200. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: There has been an increasing interest in the development of protein nanotherapeutics for diseases such as cancer, diabetes and asthma. Spray drying with prior micro mixing is commonly used to obtain these powders. However, the separation and collection of protein nanoparticles with conventional spray dryer setups has been known to be extremely challenging due to its typical low collection efficiency for fine particles less than 2 μm. To date, there has been no feasible approach to produce these protein nanoparticles in a single step and with high yield (>70%). In this study, we explored the feasibility of the novel Nano Spray Dryer B-90 (equipped with a vibrating mesh spray technology and an electrostatic particle collector) for the production of bovine serum albumin (BSA) nanoparticles. A statistical experimental design method (Taguchi method based on three levels, five variables L18 orthogonal array robust design) was implemented to study the effect of and optimize the experimental conditions of: (1) spray mesh size, (2) BSA solution concentration, (3) surfactant concentration, (4) drying air flow rate and (5) inlet temperature on: (1) size and (2) morphology (axial ratio). Particle size and morphology were predominantly influenced by the spray mesh size and surfactant concentration, respectively. The drying air flow rate and inlet temperature had minimal impact. Optimized production of smooth spherical nanoparticles (median size: 460 ± 10 nm, axial ratio: 1.03 ± 0.00, span 1.03 ± 0.03, yield: 72 ± 4%) was achieved using the 4 μm spray mesh at BSA concentration of 0.1% (w/v), surfactant concentration of 0.05% (w/v), drying flow rate of 150 L/min and inlet temperature of 120 °C. The Nano Spray Dryer B-90 thus offers a new, simple and alternative approach for the production of protein nanoparticles suited for a variety of drug delivery applications. © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Source Title: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
ISSN: 03785173
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijpharm.2010.10.012
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