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|Title:||Molecular design of the cellulose ester-based forward osmosis membranes for desalination|
|Source:||Zhang, S., Wang, K.Y., Chung, T.-S., Jean, Y.C., Chen, H. (2011-05-01). Molecular design of the cellulose ester-based forward osmosis membranes for desalination. Chemical Engineering Science 66 (9) : 2008-2018. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ces.2011.02.002|
|Abstract:||This work has investigated the fundamental science of phase inversion and formation mechanism of cellulose ester membranes at the interface between polymer and casting substrate. It also explores the desired membrane preparation conditions for forward osmosis (FO) applications. With the aid of positron annihilation lifetime spectroscopy (PALS), the similarity in physicochemical properties between the polymer and the substrate was found to play a significant role in determining the porosity of the bottom interfacial layer. The structure of the dense interfacial layer was also strongly dependent on membrane thickness and solvent composition. Experimental results surprisingly reveal that the original pore size of the as-cast membrane plays a critical role determining the final performance of the subsequent annealed membrane independently of annealing temperature and time. In addition, since a threshold pore size exists during annealing above which pores become difficult to downsize, we have found that a thin dense selective layer integrated in an asymmetric membrane may not always be the best option for FO. A balanced membrane structure consisting of a thin porous support and a thin dense selective layer has been developed for FO, which shows a low internal concentration polarization (ICP) and a relatively high water flux when seawater was employed as the feed. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.|
|Source Title:||Chemical Engineering Science|
|Appears in Collections:||Staff Publications|
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