Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1002/jbm.a.31586
Title: Modeling of electric-stimulus-responsive hydrogels immersed in different bathing solutions
Authors: Luo, R.
Li, H.
Birgersson, E. 
Khin, Y.L.
Keywords: Bathing solution
Electric stimulus
Initially fixed charge
Modeling
Responsive hydrogel
Issue Date: Apr-2008
Citation: Luo, R., Li, H., Birgersson, E., Khin, Y.L. (2008-04). Modeling of electric-stimulus-responsive hydrogels immersed in different bathing solutions. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research - Part A 85 (1) : 248-257. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1002/jbm.a.31586
Abstract: By reformulation of the fixed charge density and consideration of finite deformation, a previous model simulating the pH-sensitive hydrogels is refined in this paper for extension to simulating the electric-sensitive hydrogels, which is termed the refined multi-effect-coupling electric-stimulus (rMECe) model. The rMECe model is based on the assumptions: (a) the hydrogel is isotropic and macroscopically homogeneous, (b) all the three phases are incompressible, including the polymeric solid matrix, interstitial water and mobile ions, (c) the effect of electro-osmosis is neglected, (d) bath solution is ideal so that the variation of the activity coefficients with ionic strength can be negligible, i.e., its effect on the concentration profiles is negligible, (e) the smart hydrogel is immersed in an unstirred solution in vibration-free experimental device; the bulk flow of fluid or hydrodynamic velocity can thus be eliminated and subsequently the convective flux is neglected, and (f) the pore of the present hydrogel is narrow enough so that the diffusion dominates the transmission of flux. The model consists of nonlinear coupled partial differential governing equations with the coupling effects of chemo-electro-mechanical multi-energy domains and the fixed charge density with the effect of externally applied electric-field. By comparing the simulating results with experimental data extracted from literature, a very good agreement is achieved and thus this validates the computing accuracy and stability of model. The present rMECe model shows the capability of efficiently predicting the ionic transport and the performance of the hydrogels when they are immersed in a bath solution subject to externally applied electric voltage. The model is used for quantitative analysis of the electric-sensitive hydrogels and for discussion of the influences of several physical parameters on the response of the hydrogels, including the externally applied electric voltage, the initially fixed charge density, and the ionic strength and valence of surrounding solution. © 2007 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Source Title: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research - Part A
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/89449
ISSN: 15493296
DOI: 10.1002/jbm.a.31586
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