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Title: Life cycle assessment of EPS and CPB inserts: Design considerations and end of life scenarios
Authors: Tan, R.B.H. 
Khoo, H.H. 
Keywords: Corrugated paperboard
Design and end-of-life comparisons
Expanded polystyrene
Impact assessment
Life cycle assessment
Issue Date: Feb-2005
Source: Tan, R.B.H., Khoo, H.H. (2005-02). Life cycle assessment of EPS and CPB inserts: Design considerations and end of life scenarios. Journal of Environmental Management 74 (3) : 195-205. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Expanded polystyrene (EPS) and corrugated paperboard (CPB) are used in many industrial applications, such as containers, shock absorbers or simply as inserts. Both materials pose two different types of environmental problems. The first is the pollution and resource consumption that occur during the production of these materials; the second is the growing landfills that arise out of the excessive disposal of these packaging materials. Life cycle assessment or LCA will be introduced in this paper as a useful tool to compare the environmental performance of both EPS and CPB throughout their life cycle stages. This paper is divided into two main parts. The first part investigates the environmental impacts of the production of EPS and CPB from 'cradle-to-gate', comparing two inserts - Both the original and proposed new designs. In the second part, LCA is applied to investigate various end-of-life cases for the same materials. The study will evaluate the environmental impacts of the present waste management practices in Singapore. Several 'what-if' cases are also discussed, including various percentages of landfilling and incineration. The SimaPro LCA Version 5. 0 software's Eco-indicator 99 method is used to investigate the following five environmental impact categories: Climate change, acidification/eutrophication, ecotoxicity, fossil fuels and respiratory inorganics. © 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Source Title: Journal of Environmental Management
ISSN: 03014797
DOI: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2004.09.003
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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