Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1039/b706647c
Title: Effect of tin precursors and crystallization temperatures on the synthesis of SBA-15 with high levels of tetrahedral tin
Authors: Selvaraj, M.
Kawi, S. 
Issue Date: 2007
Citation: Selvaraj, M., Kawi, S. (2007). Effect of tin precursors and crystallization temperatures on the synthesis of SBA-15 with high levels of tetrahedral tin. Journal of Materials Chemistry 17 (34) : 3610-3621. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1039/b706647c
Abstract: Mesoporous SnSBA-15 materials with different tin precursors, crystallization temperatures, and nSi/nSn ratio = 5, 10, 15, 30, 60 and 100, have been synthesized using Pluronic 123 triblock polymer [(EO)20(PO)70(EO)20] as a structure-directing agent by simply adjusting the molar ratio of water to hydrochloric acid (n H2O/nHCl). The effect of the nature of the tin-ion precursor on the synthesis of SnSBA-15 has been investigated using different tin-ion precursors, viz., tin(iv) chloride pentahydrate and tin(iv) acetate. To investigate the effects on the structural and textural properties of the incorporation of tin ions, SnSBA-15 was then synthesized with different crystallization temperatures at fixed molar ratios of nSi/n Sn = 10 and nH2O/nHCl = 295 in the synthesis gel. The hydrothermal stability of SnSBA-15 was also investigated. The calcined SnSBA-15 materials were characterized by ICP-AES, XRD, N2 adsorption, UV-vis DRS, 29Si MAS-NMR, FE-SEM and TEM. The ICP-AES results show a higher amount of tin-ion incorporation on the silica pore walls, as SnSBA-15 with nSi/nSn ratio up to 13.5 can be successfully prepared at a fixed nH2O/nHCl molar ratio of 295 by adjusting the ratio of nSi/nSn in the synthesis gel. The structural and textural properties of calcined SnSBA-15 can be found from the results of XRD, and N2 adsorption. The UV-vis DRS and 29Si MAS-NMR results illustrate the effects of structure and tin-ion coordination on the SBA-15 silica pore walls while the uniform pore diameter and rope-like hexagonal mesoporous structure of SnSBA-15 can be identified from the TEM and FE-SEM images. With increasing crystallization temperature, increases of the unit cell parameter, pore size and pore volume, and decreases of the specific surface area and pore wall thickness of SnSBA-15 can be found from the results of XRD and N2 adsorption. Finally, hexagonal SnSBA-15(5) is more hydrothermally stable than SnSBA-15(100), from the results of XRD, N2 adsorption, and FE-SEM. © The Royal Society of Chemistry.
Source Title: Journal of Materials Chemistry
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/88801
ISSN: 09599428
DOI: 10.1039/b706647c
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