Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.micromeso.2006.12.020
Title: Direct synthesis of mesoporous CrSBA-15 catalyst and its high activity and selectivity for oxidation of anthracene
Authors: Selvaraj, M.
Kawi, S. 
Keywords: 9,10-Anthraquinone
Anthracene
CrSBA-15
Mesoporous materials
Selective oxidation
Issue Date: 19-Apr-2007
Source: Selvaraj, M., Kawi, S. (2007-04-19). Direct synthesis of mesoporous CrSBA-15 catalyst and its high activity and selectivity for oxidation of anthracene. Microporous and Mesoporous Materials 101 (1-2 SPEC. ISS.) : 240-249. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.micromeso.2006.12.020
Abstract: Mesoporous CrSBA-15 molecular sieves with different nSi/nCr ratios have been directly synthesized, for the first time, using Pluronic 123 triblock polymer [(EO)20(PO)70(EO)20] as a structure-directing agent by NH4F acidic method and pH-adjusting method. The mesoporous materials have been characterized using ICP-AES, XRD, N2 adsorption, ESR, SEM and TEM. ICP-AES studies show a higher amount of chromium incorporation on the silica pore walls in pH-adjusting method as compared to NH4F acidic method; however, more octahedral Cr3+ species are oxidised using pH-adjusting method than those using NH4F acidic method. The structural and textural properties of calcined CrSBA-15 are characterized by XRD and N2 adsorption. ESR results show that both octahedral Cr3+ and tetrahedral Cr5+/Cr6+ are coordinated on the silica surface of calcined CrSBA-15 prepared using NH4F acidic method whereas only tetrahedral Cr5+/Cr6+ are coordinated on the silica surface of calcined CrSBA-15 prepared using pH-adjusting method. TEM and FE-SEM images show the uniform pore diameter and rope-like hexagonal mesoporous structure of CrSBA-15. CrSBA-15 materials have then been used as catalysts for liquid-phase oxidation of anthracene for selective synthesis of 9,10-anthraquinone under different optimal conditions using benzene as the solvent and t-BHP as the oxidant. CrSBA-15(4) gave the highest conversion of 90.6% of anthracene and 100% selectivity of anthraquinone as compared to other CrSBA-15 and CrMCM-41 catalysts. © 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Source Title: Microporous and Mesoporous Materials
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/88767
ISSN: 13871811
DOI: 10.1016/j.micromeso.2006.12.020
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