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|Title:||Carboxymethyl-β-cyclodextrin conjugated magnetic nanoparticles as nano-adsorbents for removal of copper ions: Synthesis and adsorption studies|
|Citation:||Badruddoza, A.Z.M., Tay, A.S.H., Tan, P.Y., Hidajat, K., Uddin, M.S. (2011-01-30). Carboxymethyl-β-cyclodextrin conjugated magnetic nanoparticles as nano-adsorbents for removal of copper ions: Synthesis and adsorption studies. Journal of Hazardous Materials 185 (2-3) : 1177-1186. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2010.10.029|
|Abstract:||A novel nano-adsorbent, carboxymethyl-β-cyclodextrin modified Fe3O4 nanoparticles (CMCD-MNPs) is fabricated for removal of copper ions from aqueous solution by grafting CM-β-CD onto the magnetite surface via carbodiimide method. The characteristics results of FTIR, TEM, TGA and XPS show that CM-β-CD is grafted onto Fe3O4 nanoparticles. The grafted CM-β-CD on the Fe3O4 nanoparticles contributes to an enhancement of the adsorption capacity because of the strong abilities of the multiple hydroxyl and carboxyl groups in CM-β-CD to adsorb metal ions. The adsorption of Cu2+ onto CMCD-MNPs is found to be dependent on pH and temperature. Adsorption equilibrium is achieved in 30min and the adsorption kinetics of Cu2+ is found to follow a pseudo-second-order kinetic model. Equilibrium data for Cu2+ adsorption are fitted well by Langmuir isotherm model. The maximum adsorption capacity for Cu2+ ions is estimated to be 47.2mg/g at 25°C. Furthermore, thermodynamic parameters reveal the feasibility, spontaneity and exothermic nature of the adsorption process. FTIR and XPS reveal that Cu2+ adsorption onto CMCD-MNPs mainly involves the oxygen atoms in CM-β-CD to form surface-complexes. In addition, the copper ions can be desorbed from CMCD-MNPs by citric acid solution with 96.2% desorption efficiency and the CMCD-MNPs exhibit good recyclability. © 2010 Elsevier B.V.|
|Source Title:||Journal of Hazardous Materials|
|Appears in Collections:||Staff Publications|
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