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Title: Two-phase model for prediction of cell-free layer width in blood flow
Authors: Namgung, B.
Ju, M.
Cabrales, P.
Kim, S. 
Issue Date: Jan-2013
Citation: Namgung, B., Ju, M., Cabrales, P., Kim, S. (2013-01). Two-phase model for prediction of cell-free layer width in blood flow. Microvascular Research 85 (1) : 68-76. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: This study aimed to develop a numerical model capable of predicting changes in the cell-free layer (CFL) width in narrow tubes with consideration of red blood cell aggregation effects. The model development integrates to empirical relations for relative viscosity (ratio of apparent viscosity to medium viscosity) and core viscosity measured on independent blood samples to create a continuum model that includes these two regions. The constitutive relations were derived from in vitro experiments performed with three different glass-capillary tubes (inner diameter=30, 50 and 100μm) over a wide range of pseudoshear rates (5-300s-1). The aggregation tendency of the blood samples was also varied by adding Dextran 500kDa. Our model predicted that the CFL width was strongly modulated by the relative viscosity function. Aggregation increased the width of CFL, and this effect became more pronounced at low shear rates. The CFL widths predicted in the present study at high shear conditions were in agreement with those reported in previous studies. However, unlike previous multi-particle models, our model did not require a high computing cost, and it was capable of reproducing results for a thicker CFL width at low shear conditions, depending on aggregating tendency of the blood. © 2012 Elsevier Inc.
Source Title: Microvascular Research
ISSN: 00262862
DOI: 10.1016/j.mvr.2012.10.006
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