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Title: Region-of-interest-based analysis with application of cortical thickness variation of left planum temporale in schizophrenia and psychotic bipolar disorder
Authors: Qiu, A. 
Vaillant, M.
Barta, P.
Ratnanather, J.T.
Miller, M.I.
Keywords: Cortical thickness
Gaussian random field
Laplace-Beltrami operator
Planum temporale
Psychotic bipolar disorder
Issue Date: Aug-2008
Source: Qiu, A., Vaillant, M., Barta, P., Ratnanather, J.T., Miller, M.I. (2008-08). Region-of-interest-based analysis with application of cortical thickness variation of left planum temporale in schizophrenia and psychotic bipolar disorder. Human Brain Mapping 29 (8) : 973-985. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: In neuroimaging studies, spatial normalization and multivariate testing are central problems in characterizing group variation of functions (e.g., cortical thickness, curvature, functional response) in an atlas coordinate system across clinical populations. We present a region-of-interest (ROI)-based analysis framework for detecting such a group variation. This framework includes two main techniques: ROI-based registration via large deformation diffeomorphic metric surface mapping and a multivariate testing using a Gaussian random field (GRF) model on the cortical surface constructed by the eigenfunctions of the Laplace-Beltrami operator. We compared our GRF statistical model with a pointwise hypothesis testing approach, whose P-value is corrected using false discovery rate or random field theory at several smoothness scales. As an illustration, we applied this framework to a clinical study of the cortical thickness of the left planum temporale (PT) in subjects with psychotic bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, and healthy comparison controls. Our results show that the anterior portion of the left PT is thinner in the psychotic bipolar and schizophrenic groups than in the healthy control group, and the posterior portion of the left PT shows the reversal finding. Moreover, there may be a greater thickness variation in the left PT in psychotic bipolar patients when compared with that in schizophrenic patients. © 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Source Title: Human Brain Mapping
ISSN: 10659471
DOI: 10.1002/hbm.20444
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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