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Title: Integration of nanoparticles with protein microarrays
Authors: Zhang, Y. 
Keywords: Microarray
Issue Date: Apr-2006
Source: Zhang, Y. (2006-04). Integration of nanoparticles with protein microarrays. International Journal of Nanoscience 5 (2-3) : 189-194. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: A variety of DNA, protein or cell microarray devices and systems have been developed and commercialized. In addition to the biomolecule related analysis, they are also being used for pharmacogenomic research, infectious and genetic disease and cancer diagnostics, and proteomic and cellular analysis.1 Currently, microarray is fabricated on a planar surface; this limits the amount of biomolecules that can be bounded on the surface. In this work, a planar protein microarray chip with nonplanar spot surface was fabricated to enhance the chip performance. A nonplanar spot surface was created by first coating the silica nanoparticles with albumin and depositing them into the patterned microwells. The curve surfaces of the nanoparticles increase the surface area for immobilization of proteins, which helps to enhance the detection sensitivity of the chip. Using this technique, proteins are immobilized onto the nanoparticles before they are deposited onto the chip, and therefore the method of protein immobilization can be customized at each spot. Furthermore, a nonplanar surface promotes the retention of native protein structure better than planar surface.2 The technique developed can be used to produce different types of microarrays, such as DNA, protein and antibody microarrays. © World Scientific Publishing Company.
Source Title: International Journal of Nanoscience
ISSN: 0219581X
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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