Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aca.2006.05.051
Title: Microwave assisted sample preparation for determining water-soluble fraction of trace elements in urban airborne particulate matter: Evaluation of bioavailability
Authors: Karthikeyan, S. 
Joshi, U.M.
Balasubramanian, R. 
Keywords: Aerosols
Air pollution
Airborne particulate matter
Extraction
Trace metals
Issue Date: 18-Aug-2006
Source: Karthikeyan, S., Joshi, U.M., Balasubramanian, R. (2006-08-18). Microwave assisted sample preparation for determining water-soluble fraction of trace elements in urban airborne particulate matter: Evaluation of bioavailability. Analytica Chimica Acta 576 (1) : 23-30. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aca.2006.05.051
Abstract: The feasibility of using two different microwave-based sample preparation methods was investigated to determine the total and water-soluble trace metal fraction in airborne particulate matter. The extraction techniques were then applied to urban particulate matter of different sizes in order to evaluate their bioavailability of associated trace metals. While a combination of HNO3-HF-H2O2 was used for the total trace metal fraction of particulate matter, water was employed for the microwave-assisted extraction of water-soluble trace metal fractions. Inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) was used for the analysis of trace elements. The experimental protocol for the microwave assisted digestion was established using two different SRMs (1648, urban particulate matter and 1649a, urban dust). In the case of water-soluble trace metal fraction, the quantities extracted from the SRMs were compared between ultrasonic and microwave-assisted extractions, and there was a good agreement between the two extraction methods. Blanks values and limits of detection (LODs) for total and water-soluble trace metal concentrations were determined for three different filter substrates (Teflon, Zeflour, and Quartz). Subsequently, the proposed digestion method was evaluated for its extraction efficiency with these filter substrates. Finally, the real-world application of the proposed microwave-based sample preparation methods was demonstrated by analyzing trace elements in airborne particulate samples collected from different outdoor environments in Singapore. The solubility of 11 trace elements detected in the particulate samples is quantified. © 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Source Title: Analytica Chimica Acta
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/87557
ISSN: 00032670
DOI: 10.1016/j.aca.2006.05.051
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