Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solmat.2011.09.039
Title: Improvement in the photovoltaic efficiency of polymer solar cells by treating the poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene): Poly(styrenesulfonate) buffer layer with co-solvents of hydrophilic organic solvents and hydrophobic 1,2-dichlorobenzene
Authors: Sun, K.
Xia, Y. 
Ouyang, J. 
Keywords: Cosolvent
PEDOT:PSS
Polymer solar cell
Preferential solvation
Surface modification
Issue Date: Feb-2012
Source: Sun, K., Xia, Y., Ouyang, J. (2012-02). Improvement in the photovoltaic efficiency of polymer solar cells by treating the poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene): Poly(styrenesulfonate) buffer layer with co-solvents of hydrophilic organic solvents and hydrophobic 1,2-dichlorobenzene. Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells 97 : 89-96. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solmat.2011.09.039
Abstract: Less conductive poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):poly(styrenesulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS, Clevios P VP Al 4083) is usually used as a buffer layer in polymer solar cells. The conductivity of PEDOT:PSS can be enhanced from 10-3 to 100 S cm-1 through a treatment with a cosolvent of hydrophilic methanol and hydrophobic 1,2-dichlorobenzene (DCB). The conductivity enhancement is attributed to the preferential solvation of hydrophobic PEDOT and hydrophilic PSS chains with the two components of the cosolvent. It induces PSSH reduction of the PEDOT:PSS films and morphological change of the polymer chains. Moreover, the cosolvent treatment of the PEDOT:PSS buffer layer can remarkably improve the photovoltaic efficiency of polymer solar cells. The treatment of the PEDOT:PSS buffer layer with a cosolvent of methanol and DCB can improve the photovoltaic efficiency of polymer solar cells based on poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) and [6,6]-phenyl-C61-butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM) from 3.98% to 4.31%. The PCE improvement is attributed to the high conductivity and high surface area of the cosolvent-treated PEDOT:PSS buffer layer. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.
Source Title: Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/86906
ISSN: 09270248
DOI: 10.1016/j.solmat.2011.09.039
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