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Title: Photocurrent and capacitance investigations into the nature of the passive films on austenitic stainless steels
Authors: Wijesinghe, T.L.S.L. 
Blackwood, D.J. 
Keywords: A. Stainless steels
B. Cyclic voltammetry
C. Amorphous structures
C. Passive films
Issue Date: Jan-2008
Citation: Wijesinghe, T.L.S.L., Blackwood, D.J. (2008-01). Photocurrent and capacitance investigations into the nature of the passive films on austenitic stainless steels. Corrosion Science 50 (1) : 23-34. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Photocurrent and capacitance measurements of semiconductor passive films formed on metals and alloys can be used to study the electronic properties and reveal indirect information about structure and composition. The current work used these techniques to investigate the electronic properties of the passive films formed on three austenitic stainless steels, types 304L, 316L and 254SMO, in borate. Evidence was found for the existence of a large number of localised mid bandgap states, consistent with amorphous oxides. However, the flat-band potentials of the austenitic stainless steel passive films were found to be independent of both composition and measuring frequency. The most credible explanation for the bandgap values determined from photocurrent measurements is that the passive films are formed as dual layers, iron oxide outer layer and chromium oxide inner layer. This model does not need to evoke the potential dependent bandgaps used by previous authors. © 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Source Title: Corrosion Science
ISSN: 0010938X
DOI: 10.1016/j.corsci.2007.06.009
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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