Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1039/c1nr11083g
Title: Novel Zn-Sn-O nanocactus with excellent transport properties as photoanode material for high performance dye-sensitized solar cells
Authors: Dou, X.
Mathews, N.
Wang, Q. 
Pramana, S.S.
Lam, Y.M.
Mhaisalkar, S.
Issue Date: Nov-2011
Source: Dou, X., Mathews, N., Wang, Q., Pramana, S.S., Lam, Y.M., Mhaisalkar, S. (2011-11). Novel Zn-Sn-O nanocactus with excellent transport properties as photoanode material for high performance dye-sensitized solar cells. Nanoscale 3 (11) : 4640-4646. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1039/c1nr11083g
Abstract: A novel chemically stable Zn-Sn-O nanocactus structure has been synthesized for the first time using a hydrothermal method. The Zn-Sn-O nanocactus structure comprises a Zn poor-Zn 2SnO 4 plate and Zn-doped SnO 2 nanothorns growing on the plate, both of which have high electron mobilities. The nanocactus is used as the photoanode of dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). The overall power conversion efficiency (PCE) for the Zn-Sn-O nanocactus film reaches 2.21%, which is twice the previous reported efficiency of pure SnO 2. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) measurements show that the Zn-Sn-O nanocactus film has a good effective diffusion length and high intrinsic electron mobility. After TiCl 4 treatment of the Zn-Sn-O nanocactus film, the current density increases nearly three times and the PCE increases to 6.62%, which compares favourably with the P25 DSSCs (6.97%) and is much higher than that of the SnO 2 (1.04%) or Zn 2SnO 4 (3.7%)-based DSSCs. © 2011 The Royal Society of Chemistry.
Source Title: Nanoscale
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/86599
ISSN: 20403364
DOI: 10.1039/c1nr11083g
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