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|Title:||Effective control of polarity in Bi 0.9La 0.1FeO 3 thin films by dopant-related internal bias|
piezoresponse force microscopy
|Source:||Wang, Y., Chen, W., Chen, Z., Rami, N.C., Wang, J., Wang, J., Chen, L. (2011-04). Effective control of polarity in Bi 0.9La 0.1FeO 3 thin films by dopant-related internal bias. Physica Status Solidi (A) Applications and Materials Science 208 (4) : 919-923. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1002/pssa.201026628|
|Abstract:||The as-grown polarizations of Mn- and Ti-doped Bi 0.9La 0.1FeO 3 thin films (BLFMn and BLFTi) are demonstrated to align in an upward direction due to the occurrence of an internal bias field E i that points up. On the basis of the conductivity and XPS as well as leakage current measurements, E i in BLFMn is attributed to an asymmetric distribution of charged defects, while the elevated Fermi level and broadened positively charged depletion zone are supposed to induce E i in BLFTi. The different physical origins of E i are intimately connected with the nature of aliovalent acceptor and donor dopants of Mn and Ti ions, which is further verified by the consistent voltage offsets in the piezoelectric hysteresis loops. This suggests an effective way to control the polarity of ferroelectric thin films through the tuning of chemical doping levels. © 2011 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.|
|Source Title:||Physica Status Solidi (A) Applications and Materials Science|
|Appears in Collections:||Staff Publications|
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