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|Title:||An overview of innovation in industrial drying: Current status and R&D needs|
Intensification of innovation
Research and development needs
|Citation:||Mujumdar, A.S. (2007-01). An overview of innovation in industrial drying: Current status and R&D needs. Transport in Porous Media 66 (1-2) : 3-18. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.|
|Abstract:||Over the past three decades there has been nearly exponential growth in drying R&D on a global scale. Although thermal drying had always been the workhorse of almost all major industrial sectors, the need for and opportunities in basic as well as industrial research became clear only after the energy crisis of the early 1970s. Although the price of oil did drop subsequently the awareness of the significance of improving the drying operation to save energy, improve product quality as well as reduce environmental effect remained and indeed has flourished over recent years. New drying technologies, better operational strategies and control of industrial dryers, as well as improved and more reliable scale-up methodologies have contributed to better cost-effectiveness and better quality dried products. Yet there is no universally or even widely applicable drying theory on the horizon. Most mathematical models of drying remain product-equipment specific for a variety of reasons. In this paper, we examine the role of innovation in drying in various industrial sectors, e.g. paper, wood, foods, agriculture, waste management, etc. Progress made over the past three decades and the challenges ahead are outlined. Some areas in need of further research are identified. Examples of intensification of innovation in dryer designs via mathematical modeling are discussed. Finally, the need for closer interaction between academia and industry is stressed as the key to successful drying R&D in the coming decade. © Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2006.|
|Source Title:||Transport in Porous Media|
|Appears in Collections:||Staff Publications|
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