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Title: Study on the feasibility of bacteriorhodopsin as bio-photosensitizer in excitonic solar cell: A first report
Authors: Thavasi, V. 
Lazarova, T.
Filipek, S.
Kolinski, M.
Querol, E.
Kumar, A.
Ramakrishna, S. 
Padrós, E.
Renugopalakrishnan, V.
Keywords: Biosolar cell
Counter electrode
Dye sensitized solar cells
Energy conversion
Metal oxides
Issue Date: Mar-2009
Citation: Thavasi, V.,Lazarova, T.,Filipek, S.,Kolinski, M.,Querol, E.,Kumar, A.,Ramakrishna, S.,Padrós, E.,Renugopalakrishnan, V. (2009-03). Study on the feasibility of bacteriorhodopsin as bio-photosensitizer in excitonic solar cell: A first report. Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology 9 (3) : 1679-1687. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Bacteriorhodopsin (bR) is a membrane protein found in the archae Halobacterium salinarum. Here, we studied wild type bR and especially the triple mutant bR, 3Glu [E9Q/E194Q/E204Q], in combination with wide gap semiconductor TiO 2 for their suitability as efficient light harvester in solar cell. Our differential scanning calorimetry data show thermal robustness of bR wild type and 3Glu mutant, which make them good candidates as photosensitizer in solar cells. Molecular modeling indicates that binding of bR to the exposed oxygen atoms of anatase TiO 2 is favorable for electron transfer and directed by local, small distance interactions. A solar cell, based on bR wild type and bR triple mutant immobilized on nanocrystalline TiO 2 film was successfully constructed. The pho-tocurrent density-photo voltage (J-V) characteristics of bio-sensitized solar cell (BSSC), based on the wild type bR and 3Glu mutant adsorbed on nanocrystalline TiO 2 film electrode were measured. The results show that the 3Glu mutant displays better photoelectric performance compared to the wild type bR, giving a short-circuit photocurrent density (J sc) of 0.09 mA/cm 2 and the open-circuit photovoltage (V oc) 0.35 V, under an illumination intensity of 40 mW/cm 2. Copyright © 2009 American Scientific Publishers All rights reserved.
Source Title: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
ISSN: 15334880
DOI: 10.1166/jnn.2009.SI07
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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