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Title: Synthesis and wear of Al based, free standing functionally gradient materials: Effects of different reinforcements
Authors: Nai, S.M.L.
Gupta, M. 
Lim, C.Y.H. 
Keywords: Functionally gradient materials
Gradient slurry disintegration and deposition
Issue Date: Jan-2004
Citation: Nai, S.M.L., Gupta, M., Lim, C.Y.H. (2004-01). Synthesis and wear of Al based, free standing functionally gradient materials: Effects of different reinforcements. Materials Science and Technology 20 (1) : 57-67. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: In the present study, three aluminium based functionally gradient materials (FGMs), reinforced with different ceramic particulates (silicon carbide, aluminium oxide, and titanium carbide), were successfully synthesised using the innovative gradient slurry disintegration and deposition (GSDD) technique. The results for Al/SiC and Al/Al2O3 revealed, in common, an increase in the weight percentage of reinforcement along the direction of deposition, to result in an increase in porosity and microhardness. However, for Al/TiC, the reverse trend was observed, with porosity and microhardness decreasing with increasing distance from the base of the ingot. The porosity levels for Al/TiC were also found to be significantly lower than those of the other two FGMs. Thermomechanical analysis of the FGMs showed that the average coefficient of thermal expansion of the high reinforcement end was reduced, as compared to the high aluminium end. Sliding wear test results also revealed that the high reinforcement end was more wear resistant than the high aluminium end, except for the case of Al/Al2O3. An attempt is made to interrelate the effects of different types of particulates, with microstructural development, microhardness and wear rate results obtained in the present study.
Source Title: Materials Science and Technology
ISSN: 02670836
DOI: 10.1179/026708304225010352
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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