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Title: Structure and high rate performance of Ni2+ doped Li 4Ti5O12 for lithium ion battery
Authors: Lin, C.
Lai, M.O. 
Lu, L. 
Zhou, H.
Xin, Y.
Keywords: Anode material
Lithium ion battery
Spinel structure
Issue Date: 2013
Citation: Lin, C., Lai, M.O., Lu, L., Zhou, H., Xin, Y. (2013). Structure and high rate performance of Ni2+ doped Li 4Ti5O12 for lithium ion battery. Journal of Power Sources 244 : 272-279. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Li4-2xNi3xTi5-xO12 (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.25) has been synthesized via solid-state reaction. X-ray diffractions (XRD) demonstrate that all doped samples have a spinel structure with Fd3m space group without any impurities. Through further Rietveld refinements, it is shown that both lattice parameter and occupancy of non-Li+ ions in the 8a sites negligibly change with the amount of Ni2+ dopants. Scanning electron microscope reveals that Ni2+ doping does not change the morphology of Li4Ti5O12. The best electronic conductivity of Ni2+ doped Li4Ti5O12 is at least one order of magnitude higher than that of the pristine one, while all samples have similar Li+ ion diffusion coefficients. The electrochemical performance of Ni2+ doped Li4Ti5O12 shows good rate capability. The specific capacity of Li3.9Ni0.15Ti 4.95O12 at 5 C is as high as 72 mAh g-1, while that of the pristine one can only achieve 33 mAh g-1. This improved rate performance can be ascribed to its enhanced electronic conductivity. © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Source Title: Journal of Power Sources
ISSN: 03787753
DOI: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2013.01.056
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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