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Title: Preparation of sucrose-based microporous carbons and their application as electrode materials for supercapacitors
Authors: Guo, P.
Gu, Y.
Lei, Z. 
Cui, Y.
Zhao, X.S.
Keywords: Carbonization
Electrochemical capacitor
Microporous carbon
Issue Date: 1-Jul-2012
Citation: Guo, P., Gu, Y., Lei, Z., Cui, Y., Zhao, X.S. (2012-07-01). Preparation of sucrose-based microporous carbons and their application as electrode materials for supercapacitors. Microporous and Mesoporous Materials 156 : 176-180. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Microporous carbon materials were prepared by carbonization of sulfuric acid-pretreated sucrose. The pore size and specific surface area of the samples were measured to be in the ranges of 0.7-1.2 nm and 178-603 m 2/g, respectively. The pore parameters were found to depend strongly on the carbonization temperature. Raman spectra showed that the intensity of the G band was stronger than that of the D band for the samples obtained with carbonization temperatures above 800 °C. It was also found that the sample carbonized at 800 °C displayed the highest specific surface area with a main pore size of about 0.75 nm. This sample exhibited the highest specific capacitance (232 F/g) at a current density of 0.1 A/g and lowest electrical resistance based on the results of cyclic voltammetry, galvanostatic charge-discharge and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). All samples displayed a good cycle performance behavior evaluated using both three-electrode and two-electrode cells. Based on the experimental results, the formation mechanism of the carbon materials as well as the relationship between the pore structure and their electrochemical properties were analyzed and discussed. © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Source Title: Microporous and Mesoporous Materials
ISSN: 13871811
DOI: 10.1016/j.micromeso.2012.02.043
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